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According to Elbakyan, communism and science share a common mission, which she refers to as “scientific communism.” It’s a concept she came to borrow from the 20th century American sociologist Robert Merton, who founded the sociology of science, a study of science as a social practice. (Merton coined influential terms such as “self-fulfilling prophecy,” “role model,” and “unintended consequences.”) Most influential to Elbakyan were Merton’s “ norms,” which were what he considered to be the defining characteristics of science: universalism, disinterestedness, organized skepticism, and, of course, communism. (Throughout our interview, she’s still quick to rattle off quotes from Merton, declaring, “The communism of the scientific ethos is incompatible with the definition of technology as ‘private property’ in a capitalistic economy.”) Citationsy Archives The Greene Lab has a code review policy. • Association of Research Libraries Graph 4: Expenditure Trends in ARL Libraries, 1986-2015. [February 7, 2018]; ARL Statistics 2014–2015. 2017 Open Sourced • Sci-Hub remains a one-woman show. According to Elbakyan, she does all the programming, server configuration as well as communication with users and media on her own. Sci-Hub’s expenses are a few thousand a month, covered by user donations. Payments are in bitcoin only. PayPal shut down her account in 2013 after a complaint from Elsevier about Sci-Hub’s copyright infringement. Donations have dropped off as a result, said Elbakyan. “People send donations to PayPal accounts very actively, unlike bitcoin.” Since 2015, Sci-Hub uses its own storage [2] for the same purpose. [4] As of 2017 Sci-Hub was continuing to redirect requests for electronic books to Libgen. [2] [4] Usage and content statistics [ edit ] • Creative Commons However, since Sci-Hub is able to retrieve articles through many university networks, it is perhaps unsurprising that its coverage exceeds that of a single university. In 2018, Elbakyan asked supporters of Sci-Hub to join their local Pirate Party in order to fight for copyright laws to be changed. [35]

Following are examples of accommodations that are often appropriate for students with mental health or psychiatric impairments. • Dunn AG, Coiera E, Mandl KD. Is Biblioleaks inevitable? Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2014; 16:e112. doi: 10.2196/jmir.3331. [ PMC free article] [ PubMed] [ CrossRef] [ Google Scholar] • Provide extended eyepieces so that students who use wheelchairs can use microscopes. No doubt a good deal of religious art and literature is included in historical survey courses, but what range of contexts and conceptual nets should teachers and texts use to make sense of it? Our argument is that if students are to be liberally educated they must have some sense of the religious as well as the more narrowly secular (literary and art critical) meaning and significance of art and literature. That is, Art History and English are best understood as subjects, whose works and texts are open to religious as well as secular interpretations. Teachers must approach art and literature with enough theological sophistication to illuminate their religious dimensions. We will work though an example of this shortly in considering the Bible as literature. Sci-Hub has been lauded by some [7] in the scientific, academic, and publishing communities [8] for providing access to knowledge generated by the scientific community. Others have criticized it for violating copyright, [3] [9] threatening the economic viability of publishers, [10] potentially compromising universities' network security and jeopardizing legitimate access to papers by university staff. [11] • Complaints This article was updated on April 15, 2020 with additional images. Art & Craft • ^ "Student debt is America's most pressing economic problem". December 11, 2016. • Short story

In her latest memoir, beloved film star Diane Keaton returns to the page with a loving tribute to her troubled brother. While the siblings grew up sharing bunk beds and stories, their paths took wildly different turns in adulthood. Keaton shares her brother’s struggle with alcoholism and explores the bonds that hold families together through good times and bad. Add to Bag • OpenCitations 2017a. OCC dataset of all the identifiers, made on 2017-07-25. Figshare. [ CrossRef] • Weather Disruption of Public Transport Analysis Using Python 16.05.2020 • 1.1 Legal situation • Objective of the literature review • Lawson S. 2017a. Journal subscription expenditure in the UK 2015-16. Figshare. [ CrossRef] Video • ^ Till BM, Rudolfson N, Saluja S, Gnanaraj J, Samad L, Ljungman D, Shrime M (January 2019). "Who is pirating medical literature? A bibliometric review of 28 million Sci-Hub downloads". Lancet Glob Health. 7 (1): e30–e31. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30388-7. PMID 30554757. In the United States and Europe, Sci-Hub users concentrate where academic researchers are working. Over the 6-month period, 74,000 download requests came from IP addresses in New York City, home to multiple universities and scientific institutions. There were 19,000 download requests from Columbus, a city with less than a tenth of New York’s population, and 68,000 from East Lansing, Michigan, which has less than a hundredth. These are the homes of Ohio State University and Michigan State University (MSU), respectively. • Working in groups and teams Aurelia had been stuck in some kind of fairyish dream ever since she’d fallen out of the haymow when she was twelve. / • Citing and referencing • Lawson S. 2017a. Journal subscription expenditure in the UK 2015-16. Figshare. [ CrossRef] This page appears when Google automatically detects requests coming from your computer network which appear to be in violation of the Terms of Service. The block will expire shortly after those requests stop. In the meantime, solving the above CAPTCHA will let you continue to use our services. • Singh Chawla D. Unpaywall finds free versions of paywalled papers. Nature. 2017d doi: 10.1038/nature.2017.21765. [ CrossRef] [ Google Scholar] Nobody makes money off of publications except for the publishers. Some publishers even demand money from the authors for their publishing "services". The legal answer is that the authors transfer copyright. The social answer is that authors prefer to publish in prestigious journals, whose toll access status is not causal but simply vestigial. The ethical answer exists not. The rights to scholarship should be dedicated to society at large.

• Tech blog Wikisource has the text of the 1920 Encyclopedia Americana article Education in the United States. • ^ "USTR" (PDF). - evalScript = "return [decodeLs8Qa(BQA).designatedFill];"; • English–Malay “So is it fair then if some high-school student wants to really follow the Supreme Court and doesn’t have the money to pay?” Greco said. “Life is a bitter mystery. We can’t give everything away for free. It’s not that kind of country.” Elbakyan is reluctant to disclose much about how she secured access to so many papers, but she tells me that most of it came from exploiting libraries and universities’ subscriptions, saying that she “gained access” to “around 400 universities.” The charter school movement began in 1990 and have spread rapidly in the United States, members, parents, teachers, and students to allow for the "expression of diverse teaching philosophies and cultural and social life styles." [122] Home schooling [ edit ] • Elbakyan A. Some facts on Sci-Hub that Wikipedia gets wrong. [February 7, 2018]; Engineuring. 2017

“The first time I encountered the distribution of scientific articles and sharing, it was in 2009,” Elbakyan says. As a student doing research at the Russian Academy of Sciences, she ran across an obstacle encountered by students the world over: paywalls. Most science journals charge money to access their articles. And the prices have only been rising. { "position": 0.350001, "color": "rgb(80%,78%,51%)" }, Streaming programs In creating Sci-Hub, Elbakyan basically mechanized something that already occurs: password sharing. PMC • GNUnet • ^ a b c Ruff, Corinne (18 February 2016). "Librarians Find Themselves Caught Between Journal Pirates and Publishers". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Archived from the original on 28 October 2018 . Retrieved 28 October 2018. . • list Most of us listen to music at least once a day. Each of us probably has a certain type of music we like or a favorite artist. There may even be some of us who are completely devoted to a certain band or musician. Have you ever thought about music as literature? These large publishers now have “a stranglehold on the market,” said Morrison. Universities cannot easily negotiate subscription fees because students and academics require access to all (or at least most) of the journals. As a result, she said, the large for-profit publishers are making “more and more money.” 230,649 • Open research It's not just Harvard struggling with these costs. An analysis from the University of South Florida found that "American research libraries spent 227% more for their journal collections in 2002 than in 1986. The CPI increased 57% during the same period." Other alternative sci hub links and mirrors that might work for accessing sci-hub: Sci-Hub • Also see Genres "Literature is where I go to explore the highest and lowest places in human society and in the human spirit, where I hope to find not absolute truth but the truth of the tale, of the imagination and of the heart" [Salman Rushdie] Figure 8: Number of bitcoin donations per month. The number of bitcoin donations to Sci-Hub is shown for each month from June 2015 to June 2017. Since February 2016, Sci-Hub has received at least 30 donations per month. Each donation corresponds to an incoming transaction to a known Sci-Hub address. • Government Agencies and Elected Officials • It stores papers in its own repository, and additionally the papers downloaded by SciHub are also stored in LibGen. study Historic Sign up here (it’s free!) advanced search: by author, subreddit... • Medicine/Diseases Blood vessel injury may spur disease's fatal second phase • 1.1.4 France marzo This has worked in classes of students with similar interests and academic levels. However, careful monitoring is essential to prevent lab time from turning into solely “fun time.” Premium EU Ad-Free Report as illegal activities? Streaming programs • Literary arts “I did not believe that it’s possible to win against such a well-funded, rich, and influential company,” says Elbakyan. Rather than fight the case, she’d just keep an eye on it from afar. Money aside, “I would have had to provide certain documents that potentially could have exposed me or my physical location.” • ^ a b "Scientific publishing: The price of information". The Economist. 4 February 2012. Archived from the original on 16 February 2012. • ^ "Academic publishers have become the enemies of science". The Guardian. 16 January 2012. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 26 March 2017. • Places each source in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the specific issue, area of research, or theory under review. A student of mine has told me about Sci-Hub, where people can download copyrighted scholarly articles for free. • Web of Science: 103,491 articles published between 2009–2015 and classified as citable items in Web of Science. An Ember in the Ashes by Sabaa Tahir Return of the Native Draft in hand? Now you’re ready to revise. Spending a lot of time revising is a wise idea, because your main objective is to present the material, not the argument. So check over your review again to make sure it follows the assignment and/or your outline. Then, just as you would for most other academic forms of writing, rewrite or rework the language of your review so that you’ve presented your information in the most concise manner possible. Be sure to use terminology familiar to your audience; get rid of unnecessary jargon or slang. Finally, double check that you’ve documented your sources and formatted the review appropriately for your discipline. For tips on the revising and editing process, see our handout on revising drafts. Works consulted View photo · I ended up removing the links because I didn’t want get into more legal trouble with Elsevier. More details here: • - EarthPorn It wasn’t long before an administrator at Library Genesis, another pirate repository named in the lawsuit, emailed her about the announcement. “I remember when the administrator at LibGen sent me this news and said something like ‘Well, that’s... that’s a real problem.’ There’s no literal translation,” Elbakyan tells me in Russian. “It’s basically ‘That’s an ass.’ But it doesn’t translate perfectly into English. It’s more like ‘That’s fucked up. We’re fucked.’” • Understand the possible effects if your students use Sci-Hub, LibGen,, etc. Libraries need to block access to Sci-Hub from within their firewalls. Libraries typically have firewalls that protect from outside intrusions, but if a user within the firewall brings in PDFs, this can open a door in the firewall that is open to two-way traffic. "Literature is news that STAYS news" [Ezra Pound ABC of Reading] Some even argue that the current model is the biggest brake there is on human progress at the moment. We’re not here to judge whether that’s true or not. Instead, we’re here to tell you how you can avoid paywalls and download research papers for free. That’s right! There are websites below that let you download peer-reviewed research papers without paying the outrageous fees that most major publishers like to charge these days. • The Pirate Bay • Marley The Open Access is a new and advanced form of scientific communication, which is going to replace outdated subscription models. We stand against unfair gain that publishers collect by creating limits to knowledge distribution. • A Farley At first, these were just philosophical musings. However, Elbakyan was compelled by how neural interfaces could enable people to share information, even across language barriers, with unprecedented speed. “Later, I expanded the idea to include not only hard interfaces that would connect people directly neuron-by-neuron, but also soft interfaces, such as speech, that we use every day to communicate.” She cared less about the form than the function: she wanted a global brain. To her, paywalls began to seem like the plaques in an Alzheimer’s-riddled mind, clogging up the flow of information. Coverage by oaDOI access status on each State of OA collection. 3) I believe if the authors compare Figure 4 with Table 2 in Piwowar et al., 2017, a strong negative correlation can be observed whereby the more likely a paper is to be found on the web, the less likely it is in Sci-Hub. I don't fear paywalls. I create, fund, and advocate for circumvention tools because withholding something of value that is instantly copyable and virtually free to share is morally abhorrent. • Science Insider The Opportunity Funds program is currently available at EducationUSA advising centers in • Books of the Month You can cite our applications / web pages in the following way (link is optional): • Learning in labs Humour Fiction & Non Fiction • • Poetry • JP Alperin • Torrents-Time Female Web of Science: 103,491 articles published between 2009–2015 and classified as citable items in Web of Science. That worked well until the domain, went down, deleting 40,000 papers Elbakyan had collected, probably because one of its administrators died of cancer. “One of my friends suggested to start actively collecting donations on Sci-Hub,” she says. “I started a crowdfunding campaign on Sci-Hub to buy additional drives, and soon had my own copy of the database collected by LibGen, around 21 million papers. Around 1 million of these papers [were] uploaded from Sci-Hub. The other[s], as I was told, came from databases that were downloaded on the darknet.” From then on, LibGen’s database would simply be her backup. Hi Rick. I think we are in furious agreement here. I agree that it is unethical (and against every IT policy) to donate your credentials to sci-hub and librarians and administrators should secure their networks against hackers. It’s not just copyright infringement issue, as you say, it’s a university/network security issue. • April 2015 (77) Unpaywall is a website built by Impactstory, a nonprofit working to make science more open and reusable online. They are supported by grants from the National Science Foundation and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. What they do is gather all the articles they can from all the open-access repositories on the internet. These are papers that have been provided by the authors or publishers for free, and thus Unpaywall is completely legal. They say they have about 50-85% of all scientific articles available in their archive. Works with Chrome or Firefox. • Reading Research Effectively Explainers Whether you’re a new teacher or an experienced one, there are ways you can improve the classroom experience for your students and yourself. • Erotic (2) • Copyright troll In 2008, Elsevier shut down an international piracy operation wherein a Vietnamese entrepreneur was selling digital copies of journals to academics. The publisher, both on its own, and through at least one industry group, the American Association of Publishers, pushed Congress for laws that that would have made it easier for publishers to more easily coerce ISPs, search engines, and DNS services to block access to a site — or force advertisers and payment services to drop their support for copyright violators. Service interruptions might occasionally occur during the maintenance window on the Copernicus Services Data Hub instance. • Copyright infringement { "position": 0.7, "color": "rgb(44%,64%,25%)" }, The literary critic T.R. Wright has suggested that literature and theology have a common enemy: the pervasive and pernicious literalism of our scientific age (1988, pp. 13–20). One of the great values of studying literature and literary criticism is that they make clear the many ways in which language (and religious literature) can convey meaning. Religious texts—the Bible not least—often employ poetry and parables, symbols and metaphors, to convey religious meaning. • Proceedings Bleak House 1) Around age six, U.S. children begin primary school, which is most commonly called “elementary school.” They attend five or six years and then go onto secondary school. • Identify any conflicting evidence I took screenshots of this paper here: Before Elbakyan was a pirate, she was an aspiring scientist with a knack for philosophizing and computer programming. “I started programming before even being in school,” Elbakyan says. Once enrolled, she developed a program that would ultimately serve as a precursor for Sci-Hub: a script that circumvented paywalls, using MIT’s subscription programs to download neuroscience books. “It wasn’t working exactly the same as Sci-Hub, but it was delivering the same result: going around paywalls and downloading those books.” She often shared these books with other users on a Russian biology forum she frequented,, which would prove to lay the groundwork for Sci-Hub’s debut. There is little dispute that Sci-Hub, the website that provides free access to millions of proprietary academic papers, is illegal. Yet, despite being successfully sued twice by major American academic publishers for massive copyright infringement, the site continues to operate. • hardware ► { Try, risk-free • API use cases There are two method you can use to define a Geometry Area: Keeping a record 4. Directory of Open Access Journals As my SSP co-panellist Joe DeMarco, IP theft and cybercrime lawyer and former federal cybercrime prosecutor in New York, said during our panel: In the 2010s, student loan debt became recognized as a social problem. [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] Statistics [ edit ] • Journals George Eliot Back The Open Access is a new and advanced form of scientific communication, which is going to replace outdated subscription models. We stand against unfair gain that publishers collect by creating limits to knowledge distribution. Citationsy Archives lets you search for journal articles and papers, download them, and of course cite them in your Citationsy projects. • Official website • Essay For example, a resolution by Stanford University's senate singled out Elsevier's journals as being "disproportionately expensive compared to their educational and research value", which librarians should consider dropping, and encouraged its faculty "not to contribute articles or editorial or review efforts to publishers and journals that engage in exploitive or exorbitant pricing". [29] Similar guidelines and criticism of Elsevier's pricing policies have been passed by the University of California, Harvard University, and Duke University. [30] • Science Gifts for Boys • • Archive • Educate users about phishing attempts. • Choose a topic • Mobile User Agreement • • Magnet Academy The Lancet View All • Could the problem have been approached more effectively from another perspective? When writing up the procedure, you must report what was actually done and what actually happened, and omit any extra information such as helpful hints included in the instructions. Your goal for this section should be to include enough detail for someone else to replicate what you did and achieve a similar outcome. You should also explain any modifications to the original process introduced during the experiment. • Monbukagakusho Scholarship • Mortgages @scholarlykitchn is spotlighting research & researchers writing abt systemic racism. Today we feature an article fr @Gizmodo featuring @IBJIYONGI on #SHUTDOWNSTEM & #shutdownacademia day. Blanch Amory • Lab Docs - Digital experiment instructions • Admissions • Fernandez P, Williamson J, Dixon L. Factors in Science Journal Cancellation Projects: The Roles of Faculty Consultations and Data. Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship. 2014 doi: 10.5062/F4G73BP3. [ CrossRef] [ Google Scholar] Discussing safety (authors) (2017) • Consumer Complaints by Product Type • • Physics Experiments (french) • March 2017 (142) • ^ "Elsevier leads the business the internet could not kill". . Retrieved 7 November 2016. • Identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort We remove and may report to legal entity about: • ^ "Elsevier Forces ISP to Block Access to Sci-Hub, ISP Blocks Elsevier as Well". The Wire. 5 November 2018. Archived from the original on 5 December 2018 . Retrieved 4 December 2018. Share this page to your friends, help us become stronger! We fight inequality in knowledge access across the world. The scientific knowledge should be available for every person regardless of their income, social status, geographical location and etc. Birthday Cards • Next • Controversial Topics • Contact Sal Paradise • Thesis ( Collection of articles, Monograph) • Manage Your Content and Devices